Source: Miami Herald
President Cristina Fernandez was re-elected in a landslide Sunday, winning with one of the widest victory margins in Argentina’s history after her government spread the wealth of a booming economy.
Fernandez had 53 percent of the vote after three-fourths of the polling stations reported nationwide. Her nearest challenger got just 17 percent. Interior Minister Florencio Randazzo predicted the president’s share would rise as polls reported from her party’s stronghold of densely populated Buenos Aires province.
“Count on me to continue pursuing the project,” Fernandez vowed in her victory speech. “All I want is to keep collaborating … to keep Argentina growing. I want to keep changing history.”
Fernandez is Latin America’s first woman to be re-elected as president, but the victory was personally bittersweet – the first without her husband and predecessor, Nestor Kirchner, who died of a heart attack last Oct. 27.
“This is a strange night for me,” she said, describing her mix of emotions. “This man who transformed Argentina led us all and gave everything he had and more … Without him, without his valor and courage, it would have been impossible to get to this point.”
Thousands of jubilant, flag-waving people crowded into the capital’s historic Plaza de Mayo to watch on a huge TV screen as she spoke from a downtown hotel, where her supporters interrupted so frequently with their chants that she lectured them as a mother would her children: “The worst that people can be is small. In history, you always must be bigger still – more generous, more thoughtful, more thankful.”
Then, she showed her teeth, vowing to protect Argentina from outside threats or special interests.
“This woman isn’t moved by any interest. The only thing that moves her is profound love for the country. Of that I’m responsible,” Fernandez said.
Later, she appeared in the plaza as well, giving a rousing, second victory speech, her amplified voice echoing through the capital as she called on Argentina’s youth to dedicate themselves to social projects nationwide.
Fernandez was on track to win a larger share of votes than any president since Argentina’s democracy was restored in 1983, when Raul Alfonsin was elected with 52 percent.
Her 36-point lead over Gov. Hermes Binner, who finished second, was wider even than the 30-point margin won by her strongman hero Juan Domingo Peron and his wife Isabel in 1973, although Peron also got an additional 7 percent of votes on a second ticket with a different vice presidential candidate that election, said Leandro Morganfield, a historian at the University of Buenos Aires.
Fernandez’s political coalition also hoped to regain enough seats in Congress to form new alliances and regain the control it lost in 2009. At play were 130 seats in the lower house and 24 in the Senate.
Fernandez suffered high negative ratings early in her presidency, but soared in popularity as a widow by softening her usually combative tone and proving her ability to command loyalty or respect from an unruly political elite.
Most voters polled beforehand said they wanted government stability to keep their financial situations improving in what has been one of Argentina’s longest spells of economic growth in history.
Fernandez, 58, chose her youthful, guitar-playing, long-haired economy minister, Amado Boudou, as her running mate. Together, the pair championed Argentina’s approach to the global financial crisis: nationalize private pensions and use central bank reserves to increase government spending rather than impose austerity measures, and force investors in foreign debt to suffer before ordinary citizens.
Argentina’s world-record debt default in 2001 closed off most international lending, but it has kept the country booming ever since, with its economy expanding at twice the rate of Brazil’s, economist Mark Weisbrot said.
The country faces tough challenges in 2012: Its commodities exports are vulnerable to a global recession, and economic growth is forecast to slow sharply in the coming year. Declining revenues will make it harder to raise incomes to keep up with inflation. Argentina’s central bank is under pressure to spend reserves to maintain the peso’s value against the dollar, while also guarding against currency shocks that could threaten Argentina’s all-important trade with Brazil.
Boudou, 48, could now win attention as a potential successor to Fernandez, but navigating these storms will require much skill and good fortune.
Opposition candidates blamed Fernandez for rising inflation and increasing crime and accused her of politically manipulating economic data and trying to use government power to quell media criticism.
Former President Eduardo Duhalde, who fell from front-running rival to near-last in the polls, said in a dour closing speech that “the country is dancing on the Titanic,” failing to prepare Argentina for another global economic crisis.
But Weisbrot said Argentina is in far better shape than most countries in the region to face such problems.
U.S. President Barack “Obama could take a lesson from this,” said Weisbrot, co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington. “It’s an old-fashioned message of democracy: You deliver what you promise and people vote for you. It’s kind of forgotten here in the U.S.”
Binner, 68, a doctor and leader of a socialist party, said, “We know how to read the numbers, and we congratulate the lady president, but we also tell her that this force is Argentina’s second-leading political force.”
Ricardo Alfonsin, 59, a lawyer and congressional deputy with the traditional Radical Civic Union party and son of the former president, had 12 percent; Alberto Rodriguez Saa, 52, an attorney and governor of San Luis province whose brother Adolfo was president for a week, had 8; Duhalde, who preceded Kirchner as president, had 6 and leftist former lawmaker Jorge Altamira, 69, and congresswoman Elisa Carrio 54, had 2.
When Fernandez is inaugurated Dec. 10, her Front for Victory coalition will become the first political bloc to begin a third consecutive presidential term since 1928, when President Hipolito Yrigoyen of the Radical Civic Union took office, only to be toppled by a military coup two years later, Morganfield said.
Fernandez appealed to Argentines not to allow the country “to be forced off course as has happened to us so often in our history.”
“We have to think of a different country, where whomever comes builds on top of what’s already been done. That’s the Argentina I dream of, where we have continuity of national political projects for the country.”
Nearly 78 percent of the nearly 29 million registered voters cast ballots in the country of 40 million.