A record 140 universities in Latin America and the Caribbean were listed in the Times Higher Education (THE) 2023 ranking, with the University of São Paulo overtaking the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile as the region’s top university.
For the first time, Mexico and Colombia managed to rank five universities each, while Brazil added four new universities to the index.
Chile has 21 universities in the ranking; followed by Colombia, with nine institutions; Argentina, with four; and Venezuela and Peru, with two each.
— World University Rankings (@THEworldunirank) October 12, 2022
Universities are ranked on the basis of education, research and impact. For example, the University of São Paulo has 70 libraries spread across its various campuses, five affiliated hospitals, 24 museums and galleries.
The index also takes consideration the weight of each institution’s alumni. Among the University of São Paulo’s alumni one can find former Brazilian President Michel Temer, as well as poet and literary critic Antonio Cândido.
The other leading Brazilian institutions are Campinas University and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul.
The Rio-based institution, which ranks fourth in the index, is one of Brazil’s largest federal universities with more than 27,000 undergraduate students, 9,300 graduate students and 2,500 professors.
The Pontifical Catholic University of Chile held the top spot for three consecutive years. Founded in 1888, it is one of the oldest institutions in the world and teaches mathematics, law and natural sciences.
Icesi University in Colombia is the newest addition to the index.